In the year 2015, it has been recorded that about 303,000 women all around the world have died due to pregnancy and childbirth-related complications. Most of these deaths occurred in Africa, which has the highest maternal mortality ratio. Some of these deaths happened in low to middle-income countries. The same way with child mortality. This is the main reason why governments of the different developing countries are trying their hardest to reduce maternal and child mortality.
If you take a look at countd, you will see the coverage levels for health interventions that are proven to reduce the rate of maternal, newborn, and child mortality.
First off, what is maternal mortality? It is the death of a woman during pregnancy or within 42 days after giving birth, miscarriage, or abortion due to ectopic pregnancy. In short, it is a death that is associated with pregnancy.
- Postpartum hemorrhage
- Infection or maternal sepsis
- Unsafe Abortion
- Obstructed labor
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Anesthesia complications
- Indirect causes such as heart diseases, malaria, tuberculosis, and other health conditions
Ways on how to reduce maternal mortality
A lot of countries, especially those in Africa are looking for effective strategies on how to reduce maternal mortality. They are trying to help those mothers who are experiencing poor maternal health and its consequences. That is why the governments are improving their health systems.
The following are some of the great ways on how to reduce maternal mortality:
1. Access to skilled care
All mothers should have easy access to skilled care before, during, and after delivery. This way, they will be able to address any problem that may arise. Failure to do so will lead to serious problems that may cause death later on.
2. Obstetric care
It is very important that health professionals should be trained in proper obstetric care, particularly during emergency situations. Furthermore, health centers and other facilities must have the proper surgical supplies so the health providers can handle complications as they arise. This will definitely reduce the death rate among pregnant women as they go through the process.
3. Health care systems
All countries should strengthen their health care systems. The communities should be well-educated in terms of handling deliveries. Also, the birth clinics should be well-equipped to accommodate women who are most likely to experience complications.
4. Maternal health education
One of the best ways on how to reduce maternal mortality is education. Women across the globe must be educated on the different maternal health issues so they would know what to do in case they start to experience them. They should also be aware of who to go to if they need to seek professional help.